Behavior and Philosophy 32 (1):179-195 (2004)
Modern cognitive psychology presents itself as the revolutionary alternative to behaviorism, yet there are blatant continuities between modern cognitivism and the mechanistic kind of behaviorism that cognitivists have in mind, such as their commitment to methodological behaviorism, the stimulus–response schema, and the hypothetico-deductive method. Both mechanistic behaviorism and cognitive behaviorism remain trapped within the dualisms created by the traditional ontology of physical science—dualisms that, one way or another, exclude us from the "physical world." Darwinian theory, however, put us back into nature. The Darwinian emphasis upon the mutuality of animal and environment was further developed by, among others, James, Dewey, and Mead. Although their functionalist approach to psychology was overtaken by Watson 's behaviorism, the principle of animal–environment dualism continued to figure within the work of Skinner and Gibson. For the clearest insights into the mutuality of organism and environment we need to set the clock back quite a few years and return to the work of Darwin and the early functionalist psychologists
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
'Introspectionism' and the Mythical Origins of Scientific Psychology.Alan Costall - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):634-654.
Similar books and articles
Behaviorism for New Psychology: What Was Wrong with Behaviorism and What is Wrong with It Now.P. Harzem - 2004 - Behavior and Philosophy 32 (1):5-12.
Radical Behaviorism and the Rest of Psychology: A Review/Précis of Skinner's "About Behaviorism".John C. Malone Jr & Natalie M. Cruchon - 2001 - Behavior and Philosophy 29:31 - 57.
Bertrand Russell's Flirtation with Behaviorism.Richard F. Kitchener - 2004 - Behavior and Philosophy 32 (2):273 - 291.
Behaviorism, Finite Automata, and Stimulus-Response Theory.Raymond J. Nelson - 1975 - Theory and Decision 6 (August):249-67.
Perhaps the Most Difficult Problem Faced by Behaviorism.Thomas Natsoulas - 1983 - Behaviorism 11 (April):1-26.
Theoretical Roots of Early Behaviourism: Functionalism, the Critique of Introspection, and the Nature and Evolution of Consciousness.Robert H. Wozniak (ed.) - 1884 - Routledge/Thoemmes Press.
Radical Behaviorism: The Philosophy and the Science.Mecca Chiesa - 1994 - Authors Cooperative.
E. C. Tolman and the Intervening Variable: A Study in the Epistemological History of Psychology.Ron Amundson - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (2):268-282.
Neo-Skinnerian Psychology: A Non-Radical Behaviorism.Terry L. Smith - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:143 - 148.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads31 ( #164,746 of 2,164,577 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #62,414 of 2,164,577 )
How can I increase my downloads?