Gender and Society 15 (2):175-196 (2001)

Abstract
Many authors argue that middle-class lesbians present themselves as butch or fem less than working-class lesbians and that butch and fem were discouraged by 1970s feminist stigma but are reemerging in postfeminist decades. By analyzing “women seeking women” personal ads, this study provides a longitudinal, quantitative analysis of the validity of these assumptions. The results suggest that middle-class lesbians were less likely to present themselves as butch or fem than working-class lesbians but no less likely to be seeking a butch or fem partner. Also, butch and fem were found to be much more prevalent in the 1990s than in the 1970s or 1980s. Generational cohorts of lesbians based on feminist political ideologies about butch and fem were not found. Prevailing cultural norms within lesbian communities appear to affect all lesbians in an era.
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DOI 10.1177/089124301015002002
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References found in this work BETA

Doing Gender.Don H. Zimmerman & Candace West - 1987 - Gender and Society 1 (2):125-151.
Doing Difference.Sarah Fenstermaker & Candace West - 1995 - Gender and Society 9 (1):8-37.
Imitation and Gender Insubordination1.J. Butler - forthcoming - Cultural Theory and Popular Culture:255.

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