On the metaphysics of species

Philosophy of Science 71 (2):156-173 (2004)

Authors
Judith Crane
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
Abstract
This paper explains the metaphysical implications of the view that species are individuals (SAI). I first clarify SAI in light of the separate distinctions between individuals and classes, particulars and universals, and abstract and concrete things. I then show why the standard arguments given in defense of SAI are not compelling. Nonetheless, the ontological status of species is linked to the traditional "species problem," in that certain species concepts do entail that species are individuals. I develop the idea that species names are rigid designators and show how this provides additional motivation for SAI.
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DOI 10.1086/383009
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References found in this work BETA

Four Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time.Theodore Sider - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (3):642-647.
On The Plurality of Worlds.Graeme Forbes - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (151):222-240.
Naming and Necessity.Saul A. Kripke - 1985 - Critica 17 (49):69-71.
Parts: A Study in Ontology.Dale Jacquette - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 57 (3):540-542.

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Citations of this work BETA

Species as a Process.Olivier Rieppel - 2009 - Acta Biotheoretica (1-2):33-49.

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