Unconscious and out of control: Subliminal priming is insensitive to observer expectations

Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):716-728 (2013)

Abstract
We asked whether the influence of an invisible prime on movement is dependent on conscious movement expectations. Participants reached to a central target, which triggered a directional prime–mask arrow sequence. Participants were instructed that the visible arrows would most often signal a movement modification in a specific direction. Kinematic analyses revealed that responses to the visible mask were influenced by participants’ intentional bias, as movements were fastest when the more probable mask was displayed. In addition, responses were influenced by the invisible prime without regard to its relationship to the more probable mask. Analysis of the time of initial trajectory modifications revealed that both primes influenced responses in a similar manner after accounting for participants’ bias. These results imply that invisible stimuli automatically activate their associated responses and that unconscious priming of the motor system is insensitive to the conscious expectations of the participant making the pointing movements
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DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2013.04.011
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References found in this work BETA

What’s New in Visual Masking?James T. Enns & Vincent Di Lollo - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (9):345-352.

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Unconscious Perception Reconsidered.Ian Phillips - 2018 - Analytic Philosophy 4 (59):471-514.

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