In Joaquim Braga (ed.), Conceiving Virtuality: From Art to Technology. New York, NY, USA: Springer (2019)

Matthew Crippen
Grand Valley State University
Bazin, Cavell and other prominent theorists have asserted that movies are essentially photographic, with more recent scholars such as Carroll and Gaut protesting. Today CGI stands as a further counter, in addition to past objections such as editing, animation and blue screen. Also central in debates is whether photog- raphy is transparent, that is, whether it allows us to see things in other times and places. I maintain photography is transparent, notwithstanding objections citing dig- ital manipulation. However, taking a cue from Cavell—albeit one poorly outlined in his work—I argue this is not so much because of what photography physically is, but because of what “photography” has come to mean. I similarly argue digital tech- nologies have not significantly altered what cinematic media “are” because they have not fundamentally modified what they mean; and that cinema retains a photographic legacy, even when it abandons photographic technologies to digitally manufacture virtual worlds.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A New/Old Ontology of Film.Rafe McGregor - 2013 - Film-Philosophy 17 (1):265-280.
The Philosophy of Documentary Film.David LaRocca (ed.) - 2016 - Lexington Books.
Can Digital Pictures Qualify As Photographs?Geert Gooskens - 2012 - American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-Journal 4 (1):17-23.
Fabrication of Large Scale Hybrid IC by Thick Film Techniques.H. Fenster & P. E. McHale - 1968 - In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif.. pp. 219--225.
Lived Experience and Meaning in the Cinematic World.David Macgregor Johnston - 2000 - Dissertation, State University of New York at Stony Brook


Added to PP index

Total views
52 ( #183,235 of 2,348,443 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
17 ( #39,013 of 2,348,443 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes