AI and Society (online) (2021)

Nello Cristianini
University of Bristol (PhD)
Teresa Scantamburlo
University of Venice
James Ladyman
University of Bristol
Social machines are systems formed by material and human elements interacting in a structured way. The use of digital platforms as mediators allows large numbers of humans to participate in such machines, which have interconnected AI and human components operating as a single system capable of highly sophisticated behavior. Under certain conditions, such systems can be understood as autonomous goal-driven agents. Many popular online platforms can be regarded as instances of this class of agent. We argue that autonomous social machines provide a new paradigm for the design of intelligent systems, marking a new phase in AI. After describing the characteristics of goal-driven social machines, we discuss the consequences of their adoption, for the practice of artificial intelligence as well as for its regulation.
Keywords Intelligent agents  Social machines  artificial intelligence  Human–computer interaction  Cybernetics  Autonomous agents  Teleology
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s00146-021-01289-8
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Theory of Games and Economic Behavior.John von Neumann & Oskar Morgenstern - 1944 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
Can Machines Read Our Minds?Christopher Burr & Nello Cristianini - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (3):461-494.

View all 13 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Theoretical Foundations for the Responsibility of Autonomous Agents.Jaap Hage - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (3):255-271.
On the Legal Responsibility of Autonomous Machines.Bartosz Brożek & Marek Jakubiec - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (3):293-304.
Are We There Yet?Nello Cristianini - 2010 - Neural Networks 23 (4):466-470.
Social Cognition and Artificial Agents.Anna Strasser - 2017 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Philosophy and theory of artificial intelligence 2017. Berlin, Deutschland: Springer. pp. 106-114.


Added to PP index

Total views
67 ( #163,614 of 2,461,943 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
67 ( #11,738 of 2,461,943 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes