Human Nature 32 (2):482-508 (2021)
AbstractTo better understand risk management and mutual aid among American ranchers, we interviewed and mailed a survey to ranchers in Hidalgo County, New Mexico, and Cochise County, Arizona, focusing on two questions: When do ranchers expect repayment for the help they provide others? What determines ranchers’ degrees of involvement in networks of mutual aid, which they refer to as “neighboring”? When needs arise due to unpredictable events, such as injuries, most ranchers reported not expecting to be paid back for the help they provide. When help is provided for something that follows a known schedule or that can be scheduled, such as branding, most ranchers did expect something in return for the help they provide. This pattern makes sense in light of computational modeling that shows that transfers to those in need without expectations of repayment pool risk more effectively than transfers that create debt. Ranchers reported helping other ranchers more often when they belonged to more religious and civic organizations, when they owned larger ranches, when they relied less on ranch vs. other income, and when they had more relatives in the area. Operators of midsize ranches reported helping other ranchers more frequently than did those on smaller and larger ranches. None of our independent variables predicted how many times ranchers reported receiving help from other ranchers. Although ranch culture in the American West is often characterized by an ethic of individualism and independence, our study suggests that this ethic stands alongside an ethic of mutual aid during times of need.
Similar books and articles
Restorative Justice Practices of Native American Practitioners of the Southwestern United States.Laura Mirsky - 2009 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 18 (1/2):95-107.
What Does the World Want From America?: International Perspectives on U.S. Foreign Policy.Alexander T. J. Lennon & Editor-In-Chief Alexander T. J. Lennon - 2002 - MIT Press.
Solidarity and the Social Gospel: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives.Elizabeth Hinson-Hasty - 2016 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 37 (2):137-150.
Failing Solidarity: Justified or Excused?Eleonora Milazzo - 2020 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 12 (2):189-218.
Type and amount of help as predictors for impression of helpers.Arvid Erlandsson, Mattias Wingren & Per A. Andersson - 2020 - PLoS ONE 15 (12).
Health care reform: Can a communitarian perspective be salvaged?Daniel Callahan - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (5):351-362.
The United States and the New World Order The Reluctant Sheriff: The United States After the Cold War, Richard Haass , 148 pp., $24.95 cloth, $17.95 paper. The World and Yugoslavia's Wars, Richard H. Ullman, ed. , 227 pp., $18.95 paper. [REVIEW]Linda B. Miller - 1998 - Ethics and International Affairs 12:212-215.
Tolerance – Foundation of Social Solidarity In HỒ Chí Minh’s Spirit.Nguyễn Thị Phương Maii - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:295-302.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads