Philosophical Quarterly 69 (274):1-21 (2019)

Authors
Michel Croce
University College Dublin
Abstract
This paper tackles the problem of defining what a cognitive expert is. Starting from a shared intuition that the definition of an expert depends upon the conceptual function of expertise, I shed light on two main approaches to the notion of an expert: according to novice-oriented accounts of expertise, experts need to provide laypeople with information they lack in some domain; whereas, according to research-oriented accounts, experts need to contribute to the epistemic progress of their discipline. In this paper, I defend the thesis that cognitive experts should be identified by their ability to perform the latter function rather than the former, as novice-oriented accounts, unlike research-oriented ones, fail to comply with the rules of a functionalist approach to expertise.
Keywords expert  epistemic authority  social epistemology  Alvin Goldman
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DOI 10.1093/pq/pqy044
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References found in this work BETA

The Morality of Freedom.Joseph Raz - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
Reflection and Disagreement.Adam Elga - 2007 - Noûs 41 (3):478–502.
The Morality of Freedom.Joseph Raz - 1986 - Philosophy 63 (243):119-122.

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Citations of this work BETA

Objective Expertise and Functionalist Constraints.Michel Croce - 2019 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 8 (5):25-35.
Can Testimony Generate Understanding?Federica Isabella Malfatti - 2019 - Social Epistemology 33 (6):477-490.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

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