Humana Mente 5 (23):1-15 (2012)

Abstract
The behaviour of presupposition triggers in human language has been extensively studied and given rise to many distinct theoretical proposals. One intuitively appealing way of characterising presupposition is to argue that it constitutes backgrounded meaning, which does not contribute to updating the conversational record, and consequently may not be challenged or refuted by discourse participants. However, there are a wide range of presupposition triggers, some of which can systematically be used to introduce new information. Is there, then, a clear psychological distinction between presupposition and assertion? Do certain expressions vacillate between presupposing and asserting information? And is information backgrounding a categorical or a gradient phenomenon? In this paper we argue for the value of experimental methods in addressing these questions, and present a pilot study demonstrating backgrounding effects of presupposition triggers, and suggesting their gradience in nature. We discuss the implications of these findings for theoretical categorisations of presupposition triggers.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2012
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 62,205
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Scorekeeping in a Language Game.David Lewis - 1979 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 8 (1):339--359.
Pragmatic Presuppositions.Robert Stalnaker - 1974 - In Context and Content. Oxford University Press. pp. 47--62.
On the Projection Problem for Presuppositions.Irene Heim - 1983 - In P. Portner & B. H. Partee (eds.), Formal Semantics - the Essential Readings. Blackwell. pp. 249--260.

View all 12 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 9.Emar Maier, Corien Bary & Janneke Huitink (eds.) - 2005 - Nijmegen Centre for Semantics.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Presupposition Triggering From Alternatives.D. Abusch - 2010 - Journal of Semantics 27 (1):37-80.
On the Meaning of Only.M. Ippolito - 2008 - Journal of Semantics 25 (1):45-91.
Presupposition and Accommodation in Update Semantics.Henk Zeevat - 1992 - Journal of Semantics 9 (4):379-412.
Focus and Presupposition.Peter J. Blok - 1991 - Journal of Semantics 8 (1-2):149-165.
Presuppositions and Anaphors in Attitude Contexts.Bart Geurts - 1998 - Linguistics and Philosophy 21 (6):545-601.
Language, Locations and Presupposition.Gillian Russell - 2010 - Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 9:194-205.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-12-20

Total views
22 ( #490,603 of 2,444,703 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #457,256 of 2,444,703 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes