Informal Logic 34 (1):1-37 (2014)

Abstract
The public must make assessments of a range of health-related issues. However, these assessments require scientific know-ledge which is often lacking or ineffectively utilized by the public. Lay people must use whatever cognitive resources are at their disposal to come to judgement on these issues. It will be contended that a group of arguments—so-called informal fallacies—are a valuable cognitive resource in this regard. These arguments serve as cognitive heuristics which facilitate reasoning when knowledge is limited or beyond the grasp of reasoners. The results of an investigation into the use of these arguments by the public are reported.
Keywords Argument from Authority  Argument from Ignorance  Informal Fallacies  Public Health  Cognitive Heuristic  Reasoning
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 60,920
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Appeal to Expert Opinion: Arguments From Authority.Douglas Walton - 1997 - Pennsylvania State University Press.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Analogical Reasoning in Public Health.Louise Cummings - 2014 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 3 (2):169-197.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Fallacies.Robert J. Fogelin & Timothy J. Duggan - 1987 - Argumentation 1 (3):255-262.
Bayesian Informal Logic and Fallacy.Kevin Korb - 2004 - Informal Logic 24 (1):41-70.
Informal Logic.Leo Groarke - 1996 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Arguments About Arguments.James B. Freeman - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (4):525-540.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2014-03-01

Total views
39 ( #269,641 of 2,439,304 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #209,304 of 2,439,304 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes