In P. Huneman (ed.), Classification, Disease, and Evidence. Springer Science + Business. pp. 01-17 (2015)

Authors
Thomas V. Cunningham
Kaiser Permanente West Los Angeles
Abstract
This paper considers the view that medicine is both “science” and “art.” It is argued that on this view certain clinical knowledge – of patients’ histories, values, and preferences, and how to integrate them in decision-making – cannot be scientific knowledge. However, by drawing on recent work in philosophy of science it is argued that progress in gaining such knowledge has been achieved by the accumulation of what should be understood as “scientific” knowledge. I claim there are varying degrees of objectivity pertaining to various aspects of clinical medicine. Hence, what is often understood as constituting the “art” of medicine is amenable to objective methods of inquiry, and so, may be understood as “science”. As a result, I conclude that rather than endorse the popular philosophical distinction between the art and science of medicine, in the future a unified, multifaceted epistemology of medicine should be developed to replace it.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on Amazon.com
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal.Heather Douglas - 2009 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
Health as a Theoretical Concept.Christopher Boorse - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.

View all 28 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

On the Suppression of Medical Evidence.Alexander Christian - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (3):395-418.
The Social Impact and the Intrusive Dimension of Enhancement.Pierre Cassou-Noguès - 2017 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):75-89.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Scientific Knowledge in Medicine: A New Clinical Epistemology?Tom Marshall - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):133-138.
Recognizing Tacit Knowledge in Medical Epistemology.Stephen G. Henry - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (3):187--213.
The Scientific Autonomy of Clinical Medicine.Lee A. Forstrom - 1977 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2 (1):8-19.
Is Medicine a Social Science?Michael Martin - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (4):345-360.
Medicine : Science or Art?S. C. Panda - 2006 - Mens Sana Monographs 4 (1):127.
Fleck and the Social Constitution of Scientific Objectivity.Melinda B. Fagan - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (4):272-285.
A Science of Individuals: Medicine and Casuistry.Kathryn Montgomery Hunter - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (2):193-212.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-08-21

Total views
1,181 ( #3,742 of 2,438,881 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
119 ( #4,998 of 2,438,881 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes