Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2007)

Authors
Patricia Curd
Purdue University
Abstract
Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (a major Greek city of Ionian Asia Minor), a Greek philosopher of the 5th century B.C.E. (born ca. 500–480), was the first of the Presocratic philosophers to live in Athens. He propounded a physical theory of “everything-in-everything,” and claimed that nous (intellect or mind) was the motive cause of the cosmos. He was the first to give a correct explanation of eclipses, and was both famous and notorious for his scientific theories, including the claims that the sun is a mass of red-hot metal, that the moon is earthy, and that the stars are fiery stones. Anaxagoras maintained that the original state of the cosmos was a mixture of all its ingredients (the basic realities of his system). The ingredients are thoroughly mixed, so that no individual ingredient as such is evident, but the mixture is not entirely uniform or homogeneous.
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References found in this work BETA

Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy.John Palmer - 2009 - Oxford University Press UK.
A History of Greek Philosophy.W. K. C. Guthrie - 1962 - Cambridge University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Cynic Cosmopolitanism.Jason Dockstader - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory.

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