Akrasia and Courage in the Protagoras

Review of Metaphysics 71 (2) (2017)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Akratic agents know what is best, can do it, do not do it, and rationalize. According to Socrates, seemingly akratic agents are confused, ignorant of what is best. According to the Many, they are overcome, unable to do what is best. Unlike Socrates and the Many, Plato rejects hedonism and psychological egoism, but not the existence of akratic acts in the Socratic reductio. Counterexamples to both Socrates’ mismeasure account and the Many’s overpowering account pervade Greek literature and even the Protagoras itself. In the courage-is-wisdom arguments, Plato again argues against hedonism and psychological egoism, and advances an Aristotelian definition of courage.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 93,069

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Akrasia and conflict in the Nicomachean Ethics.Mehmet Metin Erginel - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (4):573-593.
Socratic akratic action.Alfred R. Mele - 1996 - Philosophical Papers 25 (3):149-159.
The Socratic Paradoxes.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2006 - In Hugh H. Benson (ed.), A Companion to Plato. Malden, MA, USA: Blackwell. pp. 261–277.
Remembering socrates: Philosophical essays (review).Anthony K. Jensen - 2008 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (4):pp. 631-632.
If you Know What is Best, you Do it: Socratic Intellectualism in Xenophon and Plato.Gerhard Seel - 2006 - In Lindsay Judson & Vassilis Karasmanis (eds.), Remembering Socrates: philosophical essays. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 20-49.


Added to PP

18 (#859,297)

6 months
5 (#711,233)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Howard Curzer
Texas Tech University

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references