Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):497-509 (1999)
This article reports a study comparing the effects of a single dose of alcohol with a matched placebo drink on recognition memory with and without conscious recollection. A double-blind, cross-over design was used with healthy volunteers who were all social drinkers. Processing depth at study was manipulated using generate versus read instructions. Conscious recollection at test was assessed using the remember-know-guess paradigm (Gardiner, 1988; Tulving, 1985). Alcohol significantly reduced conscious recollection (remember responses) but had no effect on recognition in the absence of conscious recollection (know responses). False alarms rates were low and unaffected by alcohol. Previous findings that generation effects are found only for remember responses were closely replicated. A further dissociation of the generation effect occurred between treatments in that deeper processing at study facilitated recognition on placebo but not on alcohol. That both alcohol and depth of processing produce dissociative effects on recollective experience provides further evidence that remembering and knowing reflect distinct memory systems.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
A Process Dissociation Framework: Separating Automatic From Intentional Uses of Memory.Larry L. Jacoby - 1991 - Journal of Memory and Language 30:513-41.
Toward a Theory of Episodic Memory: The Frontal Lobes and Autonoetic Consciousness.Mark A. Wheeler, Stuss, T. Donald & Endel Tulving - 1997 - Psychological Bulletin 121:331-54.
What is Recollective Memory?William F. Brewer - 1996 - In David C. Rubin (ed.), Remembering Our Past: Studies in Autobiographical Memory. Cambridge University Press.
Separating Conscious and Unconscious Influences of Memory: Measuring Recollection.Larry L. Jacoby, J. P. Toth & Andrew P. Yonelinas - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 122 (2):139-54.
Functional Aspects of Recollective Experience.John M. Gardiner - 1988 - Memory and Cognition 16:309-13.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Attention and Recollective Experience in Recognition Memory.John M. Gardiner & A. J. Parkin - 1990 - Memory and Cognition 18:579-583.
How Did the Effects of Alcohol on Reproduction Become Scientifically Uninteresting?Philip J. Pauly - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29 (1):1 - 28.
Why We Should Not Set a Minimum Price Per Unit of Alcohol.T. Walker - 2010 - Public Health Ethics 3 (2):107-114.
Experiencing the Past: A Relational Account of Recollective Memory.Dorothea Debus - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (4):405-432.
Heavy Drinking on Campus.Richard Nault - 2000 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (2):157-160.
Substance Abuse Is a Disease of the Human Brain: Focus on Alcohol.Raymond Anton - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (4):735-744.
Memory as Initial Experiencing of the Past.Mark D. Reid - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (6):671-698.
Response Deadline and Subjective Awareness in Recognition Memory.J. M. Gardiner, C. Ramponi & A. Richardson-Klavehn - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):484-496.
Experiences of Remembering, Knowing, and Guessing.John M. Gardiner, C. Ramponi & A. Richardson-Klavehn - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (1):1-26.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads6 ( #542,534 of 2,146,220 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #387,123 of 2,146,220 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.