Argumentation 29 (4):457-474 (2015)

Authors
Carolyn Cusick
California State University, Fresno
Mark Peter
Vanderbilt University
Abstract
We have noticed a pattern of arguments that exhibit a type of irrationality or a particular informal logical fallacy that is not fully captured by any existing fallacy. This fallacy can be explored through three examples where one misattributes a cause by focusing on a smaller portion of a larger set—specifically, the last or least known—and claiming that that cause holds a unique priority over other contributing factors for the occurrence of an event. We propose to call this fallacy the “last straw fallacy” and will argue why these examples actually warrant a new logical name. Finally, we will show how these cases point to a deeper insight about the contexts in which we typically invoke this type of reasoning and some significant harmful consequences of doing so
Keywords Informal fallacy  Strategic reasoning  Tactical reasoning  Causal fallacy  Intentional foul  Last straw
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DOI 10.1007/s10503-014-9339-x
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References found in this work BETA

Fallacies.C. L. Hamblin - 1970 - Vale Press.
A Pragmatic Theory of Fallacy.Douglas Walton - 2003 - University Alabama Press.

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