Agemir Bavaresco
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
This paper has two main purposes, the first is to develop a criticism on the notion of modernity, or Western rationalism, presented in contemporary theories of modernity, characterized by the idea of autonomy and self-sufficiency of reason regarding the foundation of a binding notion of social normativity. The study criticizes the main perception of these theories of modernity, namely, the proposition that profane and secularized rationalism, marked by an impartial, neutral, formal and impersonal perspective in axiological-methodological terms, is enough to ensure this same epistemological-moral Universalism without religion and metaphysics. The second purpose consists in arguing in favor of a political and religious Universalism that points to the incapacity of this purist and independent notion of reason in generating and sustaining, without foundation and application based on metaphysics and religion, a universal content of Human Rights. The work is grounded on bibliographical analysis of contemporary theories of modernity, from a criticism to their central presumption, which is the autonomy, self-referentiality and self-subsistence of reason relatively to religion and metaphysics, proposing, as a conclusion, the correlation of reason and religion-metaphysics as the path and the content of epistemological-moral Universalism.
Keywords Direitos Humanos  Human Rights  Institutionalized and Universalist Religions  Modernidade  Modernity  Racionalismo  Rationalism  Religiões  Universalism  Universalismo
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.5752/p.2175-5841.2019v17n52p436-461
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 53,514
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A Fundamentação Dos Direitos Humanos Entre Natureza E Contrato.André da Silva - 2013 - Ethic@ - An International Journal for Moral Philosophy 12 (2):238-255.
Coerentismo Holístico E Direitos Humanos.Denis Coitinho Silveira - 2011 - Pensando: Revista de Filosofia 2 (3):127-148.
A Fundamentação Contratualista Dos Direitos Humanos.Marcelo de Araújo - 2009 - Ethic@ - An International Journal for Moral Philosophy 8 (3):9-23.
A semiótica greimasiana no quadro epistemológico das teorias da linguagem e dos estudos da religião.Sueli Maria Ramos da Silva - 2019 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 16 (51):1066.


Added to PP index

Total views
11 ( #769,194 of 2,348,176 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #510,741 of 2,348,176 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes