Optimizing Individual and Collective Reliability: A Puzzle

Social Epistemology 36 (4):516-531 (2022)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Many epistemologists have argued that there is some degree of independence between individual and collective reliability (e.g., Kitcher 1990; Mayo-Wilson, Zollman, and Danks 2011; Dunn 2018). The question, then, is: To what extent are the two independent of each other? And in which contexts do they come apart? In this paper, I present a new case confirming the independence between individual and collective reliability optimization. I argue that, in voting groups, optimizing individual reliability can conflict with optimizing collective reliability. This can happen even if various conditions are held constant, such as: the evidence jurors have access to, the voting system, the number of jurors, some independence conditions between voters, and so forth. This observation matters in many active debates on, e.g., epistemic dilemmas, the wisdom of crowds, independence theses, epistemic democracy, and the division of epistemic labour.

Similar books and articles

Jury Theorems.Franz Dietrich & Kai Spiekermann - 2019 - In M. Fricker, N. J. L. L. Pedersen, D. Henderson & P. J. Graham (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology. Routledge.
On Acting as Judge in One’s Own (Epistemic) Case.David Christensen - 2018 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 93 (1):207-235.
Collective epistemic goals.Don Fallis - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (3):267 – 280.
Formulating Independence.David Christensen - 2019 - In Mattias Skipper & Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (eds.), Higher-Order Evidence: New Essays. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 13-34.
Reliability and Justified Belief.John L. Pollock - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):103 - 114.
Reliability in Plantinga´s Account of Epistemic Warrant.John C. Wingard Jr - 2002 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 6 (2):149-278.
Reliability in Plantinga´s Account of Epistemic Warrant.John Wingard Jr - 2002 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 6 (2):149-278.
Reliabilism, scepticism, and evidentia in Ockham.Philip Choi - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (1):23-45.
Experimental philosophy and moral responsibility.Gunnar Björnsson - 2022 - In Dana Kay Nelkin & Derk Pereboom (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Moral Responsibility. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 494–516.

Analytics

Added to PP
2022-03-28

Downloads
463 (#44,143)

6 months
166 (#21,301)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Marc-Kevin Daoust
École de Technologie Supérieure

Citations of this work

Epistemic Dilemmas: A Guide.Nick Hughes - forthcoming - In Essays on Epistemic Dilemmas. Oxford University Press.
Wise groups and humble persons: the best of both worlds?Mattias Skipper - 2023 - Asian Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):1-10.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Reliabilist Epistemology.Alvin Goldman & Bob Beddor - 2021 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Experts: Which ones should you trust?Alvin I. Goldman - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (1):85-110.
The division of cognitive labor.Philip Kitcher - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):5-22.
Uniqueness and Metaepistemology.Daniel Greco & Brian Hedden - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy 113 (8):365-395.

View all 38 references / Add more references