Being With

Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (s1):4–24 (2011)

Authors
Stephen Darwall
Yale University
Abstract
What is it for two or more people to be with one another or together? And what role do empathic psychological processes play, either as essential constituents or as typical elements? As I define it, to be genuinely with each other, persons must be jointly aware of their mutual openness to mutual relating. This means, I argue, that being with is a second-personal phenomenon in the sense I discuss in The Second-Person Standpoint. People who are with each other are in one another's presence, where the latter is a matter of second-personal standing or authority, as in the divine presence or in the king's presence. To be with someone is, therefore, to give the other second-personal standing, implicitly, to claim it for oneself and, thus, to enter into a relation of mutual accountability. Second-personal relating, I argue, requires a distinctive form of empathy, projective empathy, through which we imaginatively occupy others' perspectives and view ourselves as if from their point of view. Projective empathy is thus an essential constituent of “being with.” But it is not the only form of empathy that being with typically involves. Further, I discuss ways in which emotional contagion, affect attunement, as well as projective empathy typically enter into the complex psychological (and ethical) phenomenon of being with another person.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.2041-6962.2011.00054.x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 44,283
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

View all 32 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Phenomenology of Depression and the Nature of Empathy.Matthew Ratcliffe - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (2):269-280.
The Motives for Moral Credit.Grant Rozeboom - 2017 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 11 (3):1-30.
Core Identifications: The Motives That Really "Speak for Us".Somogy Varga - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (4):301-320.
Defining Empathy: Thoughts on Coplan's Approach.Christian Miller - 2011 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (s1):66-72.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Depth Psychology, Death and the Hermeneutic of Empathy.George B. Hogenson - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (1):67-90.
Empathy with One's Past.Peter Goldie - 2011 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (s1):193-207.
In Defense of the Moral Significance of Empathy.Aaron Simmons - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (1):97-111.
Against Empathy.Jesse Prinz - 2011 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (s1):214-233.
A Three-Person Model of Empathy.Fritz Breithaupt - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):84-91.
How Automatic and Representational is Empathy, and Why.Martin L. Hoffman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):38-39.
The Ecstatic Nature of Empathy.Lawrence J. Hatab - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Research 26:359-380.
Feeling for Others: Empathy, Sympathy, and Morality.Heidi L. Maibom - 2009 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 52 (5):483-499.
Is Empathy Necessary for Morality.Jesse J. Prinz - 2011 - In Amy Coplan & Peter Goldie (eds.), Empathy: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 211--229.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2011-09-05

Total views
90 ( #91,554 of 2,270,950 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #835,177 of 2,270,950 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature