Multiple Authorship in Scientific Manuscripts: Ethical Challenges, Ghost and Guest/Gift Authorship, and the Cultural/Disciplinary Perspective

Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1457-1472 (2016)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Multiple authorship is the universal solution to multi-tasking in the sciences. Without a team, each with their own set of expertise, and each involved mostly in complementary ways, a research project will likely not advance quickly, or effectively. Consequently, there is a risk that research goals will not be met within a desired timeframe. Research teams that strictly scrutinize their modus operandi select and include a set of authors that have participated substantially in the physical undertaking of the research, in its planning, or who have contributed intellectually to the ideas or the development of the manuscript. Authorship is not an issue that is taken lightly, and save for dishonest authors, it is an issue that is decided collectively by the authors, usually in sync with codes of conduct established by their research institutes or national ministries of education. Science, technology and medicine publishers have, through independent, or sometimes coordinated efforts, also established their own sets of guidelines regarding what constitutes valid authorship. However, these are, for the greater part, merely guidelines. A previous and recent analysis of authorship definitions indicates that the definitions in place regarding authorship and its validity by many leading STM publishers is neither uniform, nor standard, despite several of them claiming to follow the guidelines as set forward by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors or ICMJE. This disparity extends itself to ghost and guest authorship, two key authorship-related issues that are examined in this paper to assess the extent of discrepancies among the same set of STM publishers and what possible influence they might have on publishing ethics.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,227

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Guest Authors in An Iranian Journal.Mahsa Ghajarzadeh - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):15-19.
Authorship, Co‐Authorship, and Multiple Authorship.Darren Hudson Hick - 2014 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 72 (2):147-156.
Criteria for Authorship in Bioethics.David B. Resnik & Zubin Master - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (10):17 - 21.
Authorship policies of bioethics journals.D. B. Resnik & Z. Master - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (7):424-428.
Proliferation of authors on research reports in medicine.Joost P. H. Drenth - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):469-480.


Added to PP

29 (#553,855)

6 months
2 (#1,206,802)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile