Legal Effect of WTO Dispute Settlement Body Decisions on the European Union Law (article in Lithuanian)


Abstract
World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement includes the Annex 2 Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU) that reveals with WTO dispute settlement rules and procedures. The Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) is hereby established to administer these rules and procedures. The article analyses the problematic issues of the direct effect of the DSB decisions in the European Union (EU) legal order. ECJ concluded that an individual does not have the right to challenge, the incompatibility of Community measures with WTO rules, even if the DSB had previously declared the EU legislation to be incompatible with those rules. The position of the ECJ is based on the WTO dispute settlement system specifics—the importance of the negotiation between the parties, even after the DSB decision-making and lack of reciprocity, which means that major commercial partners of the EU does not recognize the direct effect of DSB decisions
Keywords direct effect  Pasaulio prekybos organizacijos ginčų sprendimo sistema  tiesioginis veikimas  DSB sprendimai  the Court of Justice of the European Union  Europos Sąjungos Teisingumo Teismas  WTO Dispute Settlement rulings  DSB decisions
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