Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1093-1104 (2008)
Mental time travel is the ability to mentally project oneself backward in time to relive past experiences and forward in time to pre-live possible future experiences. Previous work has focused on MTT in its voluntary form. Here, we introduce the notion of involuntary MTT. We examined involuntary versus voluntary and past versus future MTT in a diary study. We found that involuntary future event representations—defined as representations of possible personal future events that come to mind with no preceding search attempts—were as common as involuntary autobiographical memories and similar to them regarding cuing and subjective qualities. Future MTT involved more positive and idyllic representations than past MTT. MTT into the distant future/past involved more representations of cultural life script events than MTT into the immediate past/future. The findings are discussed in relation to cultural learning and MTT considered as a higher mental process
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References found in this work BETA
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Phenomenal Characteristics Associated with Projecting Oneself Back Into the Past and Forward Into the Future: Influence of Valence and Temporal Distance.A. D'Argembeau & Martial van der Linden - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):844-858.
Citations of this work BETA
Imprisoned by the Past: Unhappy Moods Lead to a Retrospective Bias to Mind Wandering.Jonathan Smallwood & Rory C. O'Connor - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (8):1481-1490.
The Unpredictable Past: Spontaneous Autobiographical Memories Outnumber Autobiographical Memories Retrieved Strategically.Anne S. Rasmussen & Dorthe Berntsen - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1842-1846.
Current Concerns in Involuntary and Voluntary Autobiographical Memories.Kim Berg Johannessen & Dorthe Berntsen - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):847-860.
Role of Triggers and Dysphoria in Mind-Wandering About Past, Present and Future: A Laboratory Study.Benjamin Plimpton, Priya Patel & Lia Kvavilashvili - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:261-276.
The Emotional Content of Life Stories: Positivity Bias and Relation to Personality.Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen, Martin Hammershøj Olesen, Anette Schnieber & Jan Tønnesvang - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (2):260-277.
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