Secondary psychopathy, but not primary psychopathy, is associated with risky decision-making in noninstitutionalized young adults
Andy C. Dean, Lily L. Altstein, Mitchell E. Berman, Joseph I. Constans, Catherine A. Sugar & Michael S. McCloskey
Personality and Individual Differences 54:272–277 (2013)
AbstractAlthough risky decision-making has been posited to contribute to the maladaptive behavior of individuals with psychopathic tendencies, the performance of psychopathic groups on a common task of risky decision-making, the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT; Bechara, Damasio, Damasio, & Anderson, 1994), has been equivocal. Different aspects of psychopathy (personality traits, antisocial deviance) and/or moderating variables may help to explain these inconsistent findings. In a sample of college students (N = 129, age 18–27), we examined the relationship between primary and secondary psychopathic features and IGT performance. A measure of impulsivity was included to investigate its potential as a moderator. In a joint model including main effects and interactions between primary psychopathy, secondary psychopathy and impulsivity, only secondary psychopathy was significantly related to risky IGT performance, and this effect was not moderated by the other variables. This finding supports the growing literature suggesting that secondary psychopathy is a better predictor of decision-making problems than the primary psychopathic personality traits of lack of empathy and remorselessness.
Similar books and articles
Economic decision-making in psychopathy: A comparison with ventromedial prefrontal lesion patients.Michael Koenigs, Michael Kruepke & Joseph P. Newman - 2010 - Neuropsychologia 48 (7):2198–2204.
The positive side of psychopathy: Emotional detachment in psychopathy and rational decision-making in the ultimatum game.Takahiro Osumi & Hideki Ohira - 2010 - Personality and Individual Differences 49:451–456.
Primary sociopathy (psychopathy) is a type, secondary is not.Linda Mealey - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):579-599.
Psychopathy, risk taking, and attention: a differentiated test of the somatic marker hypothesis.F. Lösel & M. Schmucker - 2004 - Journal of Abnormal Psychology 113:522-529.
Risky decisions and response reversal: is there evidence of orbitofrontal cortex dysfunction in psychopathic individuals?D. G. V. Mitchell, E. Colledge & R. J. R. Blair - 2002 - Neuropsychologia 40:2013–2022.
Is the distinction between primary and secondary sociopaths a matter of degree, secondary traits, or nature vs. nurture?Marvin Zuckerman - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):578-579.
Psychopathy is a nonarbitrary class.Vernon L. Quinsey & Martin L. Lalumière - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):571-571.
Somatic Markers and Response Reversal: Is There Orbitofrontal Cortex Dysfunction in Boys With Psychopathic Tendencies?R. J. R. Blair, E. Colledge & D. G. V. Mitchell - 2001 - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 29 (6):499-511.
The Decision-Making Impairment in Psychopathy.Michael Koenigs & Joseph P. Newman - 2013 - In Kent A. Kiehl & Walter P. Sinnott-Armstrong (eds.), Handbook on Psychopathy and Law. Oxford University Press. pp. 93-106.
Can psychopathic offenders discern moral wrongs? A new look at the moral/conventional distinction.E. Aharoni, W. Sinnott-Armstrong & K. A. Kiehl - 2012 - Journal of Abnormal Psychology (2):484-497..
Psychopathy: what apology making tells us about moral agency.Gloria Ayob & Tim Thornton - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (1):17-29.
Impaired Reversal but Intact Acquisition: Probabilistic Response Reversal Deficits in Adult Individuals With Psychopathy.Salima Budhani - 2006 - Journal of Abnormal Psychology 115 (3):552–558.
Psychopathy, Empathy, and Perspective -Taking Ability in a Community Sample: Implications for the Successful Psychopathy Concept.Jana L. Mullins-Nelson, Randall T. Salekin & Anne-Marie R. Leistico - 2006 - International Journal of Forensic Mental Health 5:133-149.
Moral identity in psychopathy.Andrea L. Glenn, Spassena Koleva, Ravi Iyer, Jesse Graham & Peter H. Ditto - 2010 - Judgment and Decision Making 5 (7):497–505.
Defending PCL-R.Luca Malatesti & John McMillan - 2010 - In Luca Malatesti & John McMillan (eds.), Responsibility and Psychopathy: Interfacing Law, Psychiatry and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
The Kindness of Psychopaths.Zdenka Brzović, Marko Jurjako & Predrag Šustar - 2017 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 31 (2):189-211.
Shame, Embarrassment, and the Subjectivity Requirement.Erick J. Ramirez - 2018 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 14 (1):97-114.
Temporal experience, emotions and decision making in psychopathy.Anja Berninger - 2017 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 16 (4):661-677.
Neuroimaging Metrics of Drug and Food Processing in Cocaine-Dependence, as a Function of Psychopathic Traits and Substance Use Severity.William J. Denomme, Isabelle Simard & Matthew S. Shane - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
References found in this work
No references found.