Feuerbach’s Concept of Religious Alienation and Its Influence

Tattva Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):29-42 (2021)
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Abstract

The present study is an attempt to revisit how Feuerbach discusses the concept of alienation from religious point of view. According to Feuerbach, Religion and God do not exist beyond the human reach; rather they are the creation of human being. True religion is the relation of man with himself or with his own true nature. God according to Feuerbach is the manifested inward nature of man. But when man cannot understand that the religion and God are nothing but the creation of human being, he becomes alienated from his actual nature. Worshiping external God is nothing but expression of human emotion. If God is regarded as something different from man, man becomes separated from his own true nature and ultimately he becomes alienated. In other words, if human essence is considered as truly belongs to God who exists beyond human reach, man becomes alienated from himself. Later on Marx regards this religious alienation as means of capitalists’ process of exploitation. In other words, with the help of religious alienation capitalists’ perpetuate their class exploitation. Thus, the present work will mainly focus on Feuerbach’s concept of religious alienation and how subsequently Marx has adopted and critically analyzed this concept of religious alienation in his philosophy.

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The German Ideology.Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels - 1975 - In Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels (eds.), Marx/Engels Collected Works, Vol. 5. International Publishers. pp. 19-581.
The essence of Christianity.Ludwig Feuerbach - 1881 - Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications.
.David McLellan & Sean Sayers (eds.) - 1990 - Macmillan.
The Cambridge Companion to Hegel.Frederick C. Beiser (ed.) - 1993 - New York: Cambridge University Press.

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