Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1085-1096 (2012)

Authors
Felipe De Brigard
Duke University
Abstract
Recent findings suggest that our capacity to imagine the future depends on our capacity to remember the past. However, the extent to which episodic memory is involved in our capacity to think about what could have happened in our past, yet did not occur , remains largely unexplored. The current experiments investigate the phenomenological characteristics and the influence of outcome valence on the experience of past, future and counterfactual thoughts. Participants were asked to mentally simulate past, future, and counterfactual events with positive or negative outcomes. Features of their subjective experiences during each type of simulation were measured using questionnaires and autobiographical interviews. The results suggest that clarity and vividness were higher for past than future and counterfactual simulations. Additionally, emotional intensity was lower for counterfactual simulations than past and future simulations. Finally, outcome valence influenced participants’ judgment of probability for future and counterfactual simulations
Keywords Memory  Imagination  Counterfactual Thinking
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2012.06.007
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 64,291
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Analysis of Mind.Bertrand Russell - 1921 - Duke University Press.
Self-Projection and the Brain.Randy L. Buckner & Daniel C. Carroll - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):49-57.
Memory and Consciousness.Endel Tulving - 1985 - Canadian Psychology 26:1-12.

View all 16 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Memory as Mental Time Travel.Denis Perrin & Kourken Michaelian - 2017 - In Sven Bernecker & Kourken Michaelian (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory. Routledge. pp. 228-239.
SINGULARISM about Episodic Memory.Nikola Andonovski - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (2):335-365.

View all 16 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Semifactual ''Even If'' Thinking.Rachel McCloy & Ruth M. J. Byrne - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (1):41 – 67.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2012-07-23

Total views
74 ( #146,846 of 2,456,092 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #449,366 of 2,456,092 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes