Les Etudes Philosophiques 95 (4):535 (2010)

Authors
Frédéric De De Buzon
Strasbourg University
Abstract
Leibniz lit, recopie et commente le fragment pascalien publié sous le titre « Connaissance générale de l’homme » au numéro 22 de l’édition de Port-Royal des Pensées au moment de l’élaboration de la doctrine des monades, de très longues années après avoir pris connaissance du livre. L’objet de cette étude est d’apprécier les conditions de réception par Leibniz d’une doctrine qui, à de multiples égards, s’oppose à la sienne, ainsi que certaines difficultés tournant autour des concepts d’infini et d’organisme. Les remarques sur les « deux infinis » donnent des éléments de compréhension de l’articulation entre le plan phénoménal et continu d’une part et son fondement réel dans les unités ou monades de l’autre. En annexe, on donne une version revue des deux états du passage de Leibniz accompagné du texte pascalien publié en 1670.A great many years after first reading Pascal’s Thoughts, while elaborating his own doctrine of monads, Leibniz studied, wrote out and commented Pascal’s fragment published as number 22 in the Port-Royal edition of the Pensées under the title « Connaissance générale de l’homme ». The purpose of this study is first to examine how Leibniz reacted and related to a doctrine that opposed his in so many respects, and then to focus on some difficulties pertaining to the concept of the infinite and to that of organisms. Leibniz’s remarks on the « two infinites » provide elements that can help understand the way the phenomenal and continuous plane and its actual foundation in units or monads are articulated. A revised edition of the two versions of Leibniz’s commentary, along with the fragment by Pascal published in 1670, are supplied in an appendix
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DOI 10.3917/leph.104.0535
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Pascal et l'erreur.Laurence Devillairs - 2016 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 71 (4):633-659.

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