Back to Darwin and Popper: Criticism, migration of piecemeal conceptual schemes, and the growth of knowledge

Philosophy of the Social Sciences 27 (2):157-179 (1997)

Abstract
Popper's thesis that the growth of knowledge lies in the emergence of problems out of criticism and takes place in an autonomous world of products of the human mind (his so-called world-3) raises two questions: (1) Why does criticism lead to new problems, and (2) Why can only a limited number of tentative solutions arise at a given time? I propose the following answer: Criticism entails an overlooked evolutionary world-3 mechanism, namely, the migration of piece meal conceptual schemes from one research tradition to another. Popper by passed the questions above because he relied very heavily on the selective power of criticism.
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DOI 10.1177/004839319702700201
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Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature.Richard Rorty - 1979 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):424-429.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (3):287-297.
Knowledge and Social Imagery.David Bloor - 1979 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (2):195-199.
On Growth and Form.D'arcy Wentworth Thompson - 1945 - Journal of Philosophy 42 (20):557-558.

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