Bioethics 9 (1):50–61 (1995)
The idea of a patient's best interests raises issues in prudential value theory–the study of what makes up an individual's ultimate good or well‐being. While this connection may strike a philosopher as obvious, the literature on the best interests standard reveals almost no engagement of recent work in value theory. There seems to be a growing sentiment among bioethicists that their work is independent of philosophical theorizing. Is this sentiment wrong in the present case? Does value theory make a significant difference in interpreting best interests? In pursuing this question, I begin with a quick sketch of broad kinds of value theories, identifying representatives that are plausible enough to count as contenders. I then explore what each account suggests in neonatal treatment decisions, and decisions for patients in persistent vegetative states. I conclude that while these accounts converge somewhat in their interpretations of best interests, they also have importantly different implications
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References found in this work BETA
Getting Down to Cases: The Revival of Casuistry in Bioethics.John D. Arras - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (1):29-51.
Deciding for Others.Gerald Dworkin, Allen E. Buchanan & Dan W. Brock - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (162):118.
Citations of this work BETA
A Life Worth Giving? The Threshold for Permissible Withdrawal of Life Support From Disabled Newborn Infants.Dominic James Wilkinson - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (2):20 - 32.
Making Good Choices: Toward a Theory of Well-Being in Medicine.Alicia Hall - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (5):383-400.
Which Newborn Infants Are Too Expensive to Treat? Camosy and Rationing in Intensive Care.D. Wilkinson - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):502-506.
'In a Twilight World'? Judging the Value of Life for the Minimally Conscious Patient.R. Huxtable - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):565-569.
Doctor? Who? Nurses, Patient's Best Interests and Treatment Withdrawal: When No Doctor is Available, Should Nurses Withdraw Treatment From Patients?Giles Birchley - 2013 - Nursing Philosophy 14 (2):96-108.
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