Authors
John Deigh
University of Texas at Austin
Abstract
Theories about man's moral sensibilities, particularly his sense of justice, tend to reflect either optimism or pessimism about human nature. Among modern theorists Hobbes, Hume, and Freud are perhaps the most outstanding representatives of pessimism. Recently, optimistic theories, which view the sense of justice as linked essentially to the sentiments of love and friendship, have found favor with philosophers. Of these theories John Rawls's is the most notable. Section I considers the conceptual scheme optimists advance to establish this view of the sense of justice and argues that it has serious problems. Section II examines Rawls's account of moral development, which is an especially well worked out account on the optimistic side, and argues that, because it relies on the conceptual scheme discussed in Section I, it too is seriously problematic. Finally, Section III suggests that behind these problems lie reasons favoring a pessimistic view like Hume's or Freud's
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/00201748208601977
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 60,901
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn.Jonathan Bennett - 1974 - Philosophy 49 (188):123-134.
The Sense of Justice.John Rawls - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (3):281-305.
Freud's Theory of Moral Conscience.David H. Jones - 1966 - Philosophy 41 (155):34 - 57.
Moral Weakness and Remorse.Robert Rosthal - 1967 - Mind 76 (304):576-579.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Holding Responsible and Taking Responsibility.Stephen Bero - 2020 - Law and Philosophy 39 (3):263-296.
On Moral Understanding.David Levy - 2004 - Dissertation, University of London

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A Theory of Justice?Philip Pettit - 1974 - Theory and Decision 4 (3-4):311-324.
Seeing Through the Fog: Love and Injustice in "Bleak House".Joyce Kloc McClure - 2003 - Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (1):23 - 44.
From Order to Justice.Russell Hardin - 2005 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 4 (2):175-194.
Cohen’s Rescue.Jan Narveson - 2010 - The Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):263-334.
Peter Mew on Justice and Capitalism.G. A. Cohen - 1986 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 29 (1-4):315 – 323.
Two Senses of Justice: Confucianism, Rawls, and Comparative Political Philosophy.Erin M. Cline - 2007 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (4):361-381.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-03-05

Total views
47 ( #221,709 of 2,439,023 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #434,623 of 2,439,023 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes