Linguistics and Philosophy 42 (4):381-417 (2019)

Authors
Laura Delgado
University of Lisbon
Abstract
Although the view that sees proper names as referential singular terms is widely considered orthodoxy, there is a growing popularity to the view that proper names are predicates. This is partly because the orthodoxy faces two anomalies that Predicativism can solve: on the one hand, proper names can have multiple bearers. But multiple bearerhood is a problem to the idea that proper names have just one individual as referent. On the other hand, as Burge noted, proper names can have predicative uses. But the view that proper names are singular terms arguably does not have the resources to deal with Burge’s cases. In this paper I argue that the Predicate View of proper names is mistaken. I first argue against the syntactic evidence used to support the view and against the predicativist’s methodology of inferring a semantic account for proper names based on incomplete syntactic data. I also show that Predicativism can neither explain the behaviour of proper names in full generality, nor claim the fundamentality of predicative names. In developing my own view, however, I accept the insight that proper names in some sense express generality. Hence I propose that proper names—albeit fundamentally singular referential terms—express generality in two senses. First, by being used as predicates, since then they are true of many individuals; and second, by being referentially related to many individuals. I respond to the problem of multiple bearerhood by proposing that proper names are polyreferential, and also explain the behaviour of proper names in light of the wider phenomenon I called category change, and show how Polyreferentialism can account for all uses of proper names.
Keywords Proper Names  Predicativism  Polyreferentialism  Reference  Category Change
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s10988-018-9251-1
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Reference Book.John Hawthorne & David Manley - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
Names Are Predicates.Delia Graff Fara - 2015 - Philosophical Review 124 (1):59-117.
Reference and Reflexivity.John Perry - 2001 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
Reference and Reflexivity.John Perry - 2009 - Critica 41 (123):147-162.
Reference and Proper Names.Tyler Burge - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (14):425-439.

View all 40 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Type-Ambiguous Names.Anders J. Schoubye - 2017 - Mind 126 (503):715-767.
Lexical-Rule Predicativism About Names.Aidan Gray - 2018 - Synthese 195 (12):5549-5569.
‘The’ Problem for the-Predicativism.Robin Jeshion - 2017 - Philosophical Review 126 (2):219-240.
Katherine and the Katherine: On the Syntactic Distribution of Names and Count Nouns.Robin Jeshion - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):473-508.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Lexical-Rule Predicativism About Names.Aidan Gray - 2018 - Synthese 195 (12):5549-5569.
Some Remarks on an Implementation of the Burgean View of Proper Names.Yu Izumi - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 39:79-88.
The Neuropsychology of Proper Names.Carlo Semenza - 2009 - Mind and Language 24 (4):347-369.
Lexical Individuation and Predicativism About Names.Aidan Gray - 2015 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):113-123.
Linguistic Evidence Against Predicativism.Wolfram Hinzen - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (10):591-608.
Proper Names and Persons: Peirce's Semiotic Consideration of Proper Names.Eric Thomas Weber - 2008 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (2):pp. 346-362.
On the Linguistic Complexity of Proper Names.Ora Matushansky - 2008 - Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (5):573-627.
Proper Names: One Century of Discussion.Uxia Monroy - 1999 - Logica Trianguli 3:119-138.
In Defense of the Unification Argument for Predicativism.Sajed Tayebi - 2018 - Linguistics and Philosophy 41 (5):557-576.
Type-Ambiguous Names.Anders J. Schoubye - 2017 - Mind 126 (503):715-767.
Causality, Referring, and Proper Names.David S. Schwarz - 1978 - Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (2):225 - 233.
Proper Names and Their Fictional Uses.Heidi Tiedke - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (4):707 - 726.
Proper Names: A Millian Account.Stefano Predelli - 2017 - Oxford University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2018-11-13

Total views
405 ( #20,494 of 2,444,988 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
57 ( #11,952 of 2,444,988 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes