Montreal AI Ethics Institute (2020)

Authors
Josiah Della Foresta
McGill University
Abstract
In this paper, I argue that Consequentialism represents a kind of ethical theory that is the most plausible to serve as a basis for a machine ethic. First, I outline the concept of an artificial moral agent and the essential properties of Consequentialism. Then, I present a scenario involving autonomous vehicles to illustrate how the features of Consequentialism inform agent action. Thirdly, an alternative Deontological approach will be evaluated and the problem of moral conflict discussed. Finally, two bottom-up approaches to the development of machine ethics are presented and briefly challenged.
Keywords Consequentialism  Machine Ethics  Artificial Intelligence  Ethics  Applied Ethics  Autonomous Vehicles  Deontology  Artificial Moral Agents  Autonomous Robotics  Trolley Problem
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