Open Source Production of Encyclopedias: Editorial Policies at the Intersection of Organizational and Epistemological Trust

Social Epistemology 26 (1):71-103 (2012)
Abstract
The ideas behind open source software are currently applied to the production of encyclopedias. A sample of six English text-based, neutral-point-of-view, online encyclopedias of the kind are identified: h2g2, Wikipedia, Scholarpedia, Encyclopedia of Earth, Citizendium and Knol. How do these projects deal with the problem of trusting their participants to behave as competent and loyal encyclopedists? Editorial policies for soliciting and processing content are shown to range from high discretion to low discretion; that is, from granting unlimited trust to limited trust. Their conceptions of the proper role for experts are also explored and it is argued that to a great extent they determine editorial policies. Subsequently, internal discussions about quality guarantee at Wikipedia are rendered. All indications are that review and ?super-review? of new edits will become policy, to be performed by Wikipedians with a better reputation. Finally, while for encyclopedias the issue of organizational trust largely coincides with epistemological trust, a link is made with theories about the acceptance of testimony. It is argued that both non-reductionist views (the ?acceptance principle? and the ?assurance view?) and reductionist ones (an appeal to background conditions, and a?newly defined??expertise view?) have been implemented in editorial strategies over the past decade
Keywords encyclopedia  open source  testimony  trust  Wikipedia
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/02691728.2011.605478
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Rethinking Expertise.H. M. Collins & Robert Evans - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
Trust and Antitrust.Annette Baier - 1986 - Ethics 96 (2):231-260.
The Entanglement of Trust and Knowledge on the Web.Judith Simon - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 2010 (12):343-355.

View all 14 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
The Social Epistemologies of Software.David M. Berry - 2012 - Social Epistemology 26 (3-4):379-398.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Knowledge on Trust.Paul Faulkner - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
On Trusting WIKIPEDIA.P. D. Magnus - 2009 - Episteme 6 (1):74-90.
Epistemology and the Wikipedia.P. D. Magnus - 2006 - North American Computing and Philosophy Conference.
Building Organizational Trust with Ethical Organizational Practices.Raminta Pučėtaitė & Anna-Maija Lämsä - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:55-64.
Can Trust Itself Ground a Reason to Believe the Trusted?Edward Hinchman - 2012 - Abstracta Special Issues 6 (Special Issue VI):47-83.
Gender and Trust in Science.Kristina Rolin - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (4):95-118.
The Case of Online Trust.Matteo Turilli, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Antonino Vaccaro - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (3-4):333-345.
Puzzles About Trust.Doran Smolkin - 2008 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (3):431-449.
Creating Trust.Robert C. Solomon - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (2):205-232.
The Institutionalization of Open Source.Robert A. Gehring - 2006 - Poiesis and Praxis 4 (1):54-73.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2011-12-04

Total downloads

946 ( #815 of 2,171,798 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

115 ( #1,005 of 2,171,798 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums