Interpreting Evidence: Why Values Can Matter As Much As Science

Abstract
Despite increasing recognition of the ways in which ethical and social values play a role in science (Kitcher 2001; Longino 1990, 2002), scientists are often still reluctant to acknowledge or discuss ethical and social values at stake in their research. Even when research is closely connected to developing public policy, it is generally held that it should be empirical data, and not the values of scientists, that inform policy. According to this view, scientists need not, and should not, endorse non-epistemic values related to their research, as doing so may bias their assessment of what the evidence is. As a result, debates over science-based policy tend to be construed solely as empirical discussions to be ..
Keywords info:mesh/Midwifery  info:mesh/Decision Making  info:mesh/Pregnancy  info:mesh/Pregnancy Complications  info:mesh/Humans  Humans   Pregnancy Complications   Home Childbirth   Risk Factors   Social Values   Decision Making   Midwifery   Pregnancy   Empirical Research   Public Policy   Female   Evidence-Based Practice  info:mesh/Evidence-Based Practice  info:mesh/Public Policy  info:mesh/Risk Factors  info:mesh/Female  info:mesh/Home Childbirth  info:mesh/Social Values  info:mesh/Empirical Research
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1353/pbm.2012.0007
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 30,224
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Values in Science: The Case of Scientific Collaboration.Kristina Rolin - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (2):157-177.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
The Value of Cognitive Values.Heather Douglas - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):796-806.
Boundaries Between Science and Policy.Heather Douglas - 2005 - Environmental Philosophy 2 (1):14-29.
The Role of Non-Epistemic Values in Engineering Models.Sven Diekmann & Martin Peterson - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):207-218.
Bias and Values in Scientific Research.Torsten Wilholt - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (1):92-101.
Economic Values in the Configuration of Science.Wenceslao J. González - 2008 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):85-112.
Toward a More Objective Understanding of the Evidence of Carcinogenic Risk.Deborah G. Mayo - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:489 - 503.
Subjective Views of Kuhn.Peter Achinstein - 2001 - Perspectives on Science 9 (4):423-432.
Underdetermination and Incommensurability in Contemporary Epidemiology.Douglas L. Weed - 1997 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (2):107-124.
Added to PP index
2012-02-29

Total downloads
44 ( #121,330 of 2,191,970 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #289,023 of 2,191,970 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature