Roberta De Monticelli
University Vita-Salute San Raffaele
ABSTRACTThe main question addressed in this paper is whether conflict is constitutive of the nature of value commitment, and hence necessarily implied by value pluralism. If this is the case, no resolution of value disagreements, whether on the global level or within modern multicultural societies, is possible via practical reasons, and the only solutions to inner or outer conflicts will be “political”, in the sense of a Realpolitik. Positive and negative answers to the main question are shown to express two intellectual and moral attitudes opposing each other as Gorgias and Socrates, or Rhetoric and Philosophy did in the Ancient World. In post-Nietzschean Modernity, however, most philosophers seem to take sides with Gorgias, against Socrates, as is shown on the basis of Ronald Dworkin’s solitary campaign against the many faces of value scepticism. Drawing on phenomenological axiology, this paper takes sides with Socrates by reconciling value pluralism and universalism.
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DOI 10.1080/00071773.2018.1432092
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Justice for Hedgehogs.Ronald Dworkin - 2011 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Wissenschaft als Beruf.Max Weber - 1989 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 37 (4):340.
A Study of History.George E. G. Catlin - 1935 - Philosophical Review 44 (6):589.

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