Horizonte 10 (28):1230-1254 (2012)

Abstract
O artigo recupera o par conceitual pertença/desafeição religiosa, usado nas pesquisas de “sociologia religiosa” nas décadas de 1950 e 1960, para analisar os fatores da perda de fiéis pela igreja católica, como demonstra o Censo IBGE de 2010. Toma como referência dados de uma pesquisa realizada na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte em 2012. Com base nessa pesquisa, demonstra que a diminuição de fiéis não se deve a conversão mas a simples trânsito do catolicismo a outra religião. A raiz da desafeição religiosa está na perda de fé na necessidade da mediação sacramental da Igreja para a salvação eterna e no caráter sacrificial da missa. Ela pode ser contrabalançada pelos laços familiares de pertença, mas também estes apresentam sinais de enfraquecimento. O artigo conclui afirmando que, no caso do catolicismo, a pertença religiosa supõe laços afetivos, de fé e de compromisso pessoal do fiel com a igreja. Quando os três se enfraquecem, ocorre a desafeição religiosa propriamente dita. Palavras-chave: Pertença religiosa. Desafeição religiosa. Censo IBGE 2010. Belo Horizonte. Sociologia religiosaThe article revisits the religious conceptual pair belonging / disaffection , used by the "sociology of religion" in the 1950s and 1960s, to analyze the factors of loss of faithful by Catholic Church, as shown in the 2010 census. The text is based on data from a survey conducted in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte in 2012. Based on this research, the article shows that the decrease of the faithful is not due to conversion but due to the mere transit of Catholicism to another religion. The root of religious disaffection is the loss of faith in the necessity of sacramental mediation of the Church for eternal salvation and in the sacrificial character of the mass. It can be counterbalanced by the family religious belonging, but data signs that they also are weakening. The article concludes that, in the case of Catholicism, the religious affiliation supposes emotional ties, faith and personal commitment of the faithful to the church. When these three factors become weak, the religious disaffection becomes stronger. Keywords : Religious belonging. Religious disaffection. 2010 census. Belo Horizonte. religious sociology
Keywords Pertença. Desafeição. Censo IBGE 2010. Catolicismo. Arquidiocese de Belo Horizonte. Religious belonging. Religious disaffection. 2010 Census IBGE. Belo Horizonte. Religious sociology
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DOI 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n28p1230
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