Abstract
In the introduction to his famous book, La Science et l’hypothèse, Poincaré remarks on the necessary role and legitimacy of hypotheses. He establishes a triple classification of hypotheses, dividing them into verifiable, useful, and apparent. However, in chapter 9, entitled ‘Les hypothèses en physique’, he gives a slightly different triadic classification: natural hypotheses, indifferent hypotheses, and real generalizations. The origin of this second classification is a lecture given at the International Congress of Physics, Paris, 1900. What are the similarities and differences between these two classifications? My main purpose is to provide a possible equivalence between the two classifications in order to clarify the role of hypotheses in Poincaré’s epistemology of natural science. The discussion will be based on the two fundamental texts mentioned above and on the contrast between Poincaré’s use of the notion of hypothesis and that of some of his contemporaries.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2016
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1080/02698595.2015.1195142
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 62,268
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

La Théorie Physique; Son Objet Et Sa Structure.Edward G. Spaulding - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 3 (22):606-610.

View all 13 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Role of Hypotheses in Physical Theory.Henri Poincaré - 2009 - In Timothy J. McGrew, Marc Alspector-Kelly & Fritz Allhoff (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Historical Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 287.
Le naturel est artificiel : l’héritage de la scientia scientiarum.Hope A. Olson, Jihee Beak & Inkyung Choi - 2013 - Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 66 (2):, [ p.].
Experimental Tests of Isometry Hypotheses.Roberto de Andrade Martins - 1982 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (3):296 - 304.
Hypotheses? Forget About It!Massimo Pigliucci - 2009 - Philosophy Now (Jul/Aug):47.
Withdrawing Unfalsifiable Hypotheses.Lorenzo Magnani - 1999 - Foundations of Science 4 (2):133-153.
Kant on Experiment.Alberto Vanzo - 2012 - In James Maclaurin (ed.), Rationis Defensor. Springer. pp. 75-96.
Confirmation and Hypothesis.Lawrence Resnick - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (1):25-30.
Common Ancestry and Natural Selection.Elliott Sober & Steven Hecht Orzack - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (3):423-437.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2016-09-26

Total views
21 ( #511,862 of 2,444,934 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #232,632 of 2,444,934 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes