Journal of Business Ethics 83 (3):535-542 (2008)

This study explores if managerial dependencies and organizational independence impact ethical behavior of employees. Survey data was collected from 203 employees working for three hospitals in Midwestern and Northwestern United States. Managerial dependencies like specialized expertise, political connections, and performance visibility significantly impacted ethical behavior. Organizational independence and ethical behavior of peers also had a significant impact on ethical behavior. Implications of this study for researchers and practitioners are discussed.
Keywords ethical behavior  specialized expertise  political connections  organizational independence  ethical optimism
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DOI 10.1007/s10551-007-9637-4
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