Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (3):345-353 (2009)

Abstract
Epidemiologists’ discussions on causation are not always very enlightening with regard to the notion of ‘cause’ in epidemiology. Epidemiologists rightly work from a science-based approach to causation in epidemiology, but largely disagree about the matter. Disagreement may be partly due to confusion of the question of useful concepts for causal inference in epidemiological practice with the question of the metaphysical presuppositions of causal concepts used in epidemiology. In other words, epidemiologists seem to confuse the practical results of epidemiological research at the population level with the metaphysical views about the reality of disease causation at the individual level in their writings on causation
Keywords Causality  Causal concepts underlying scientific practice  Epidemiology  Epidemiologists’ debate on causation  Metaphysical presuppositions of causal concepts  Science-based approach to causation
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DOI 10.1007/s11019-009-9184-0
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References found in this work BETA

Understanding Scientific Reasoning.Ronald N. Giere - 1979 - Fort Worth, TX, USA: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
The Cement of the Universe.John Earman & J. L. Mackie - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (3):390.

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