The empathic brain: how, when and why?

Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (10):435-441 (2006)

Authors
Frédérique de Vignemont
Institut Jean Nicod
Abstract
Recent imaging results suggest that individuals automatically share the emotions of others when exposed to their emotions. We question the assumption of the automaticity and propose a contextual approach, suggesting several modulatory factors that might influence empathic brain responses. Contextual appraisal could occur early in emotional cue evaluation, which then might or might not lead to an empathic brain response, or not until after an empathic brain response is automatically elicited. We propose two major roles for empathy; its epistemological role is to provide information about the future actions of other people, and important environmental properties. Its social role is to serve as the origin of the motivation for cooperative and prosocial behavior, as well as help for effective social communication.
Keywords info:mesh/Cooperative Behavior  info:mesh/Cerebral Cortex  info:mesh/Empathy  info:mesh/Gyrus Cinguli  info:mesh/Automatism  info:mesh/Cues  info:mesh/Interpersonal Relations  info:mesh/Neurons  Brain   Gyrus Cinguli   Cerebral Cortex   Nerve Net   Neurons   Humans   Magnetic Resonance Imaging   Brain Mapping   Communication   Social Behavior   Cooperative Behavior   Emotions   Motivation   Empathy   Interpersonal Relations   Automatism   Cues   Dominance, Cerebral   Social Environment   Female   Male  info:mesh/Emotions  info:mesh/Female  info:mesh/Social Behavior  info:mesh/Dominance, Cerebral  info:mesh/Brain Mapping  info:mesh/Magnetic Resonance Imaging  info:mesh/Communication  info:mesh/Social Environment  info:mesh/Humans  info:mesh/Nerve Net  info:mesh/Brain  info:mesh/Motivation  info:mesh/Male
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DOI 10.1016/j.tics.2006.08.008
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References found in this work BETA

Empathy: Its Ultimate and Proximate Bases.Stephanie D. Preston & Frans B. M. de Waal - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):1-20.
Empathy, Mind, and Morals.Alvin I. Goldman - 1992 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (3):17 - 41.
Autism, Empathy and Moral Agency.Jeanette Kennett - 2002 - Philosophical Quarterly 52 (208):340-357.
The Motor Theory of Social Cognition: A Critique.Pierre Jacob & Marc Jeannerod - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (1):21-25.

View all 18 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Participatory Sense-Making: An Enactive Approach to Social Cognition.Hanne De Jaegher & Ezequiel Di Paolo - 2007 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (4):485-507.
Empathy and Direct Social Perception: A Phenomenological Proposal. [REVIEW]Dan Zahavi - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):541-558.
On Direct Social Perception.Shannon Spaulding - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:472-482.
Motion, Emotion and Empathy in Esthetic Experience.David Freedberg & Vittorio Gallese - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (5):197-203.

View all 104 citations / Add more citations

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