Since the beginning of UN peace operations, there has been discussion as to exactly how they should be carried out. Thus far, a just theory of UN peacekeeping operations has not yet been formed, in the way a Theory of Just War for waging war or a theory of police ethics for law enforcement in a peace context had been formed. The article discusses what a justified risk distribution between UN peacekeepers and local civilians should be. One of the points of criticism of UN peacekeeping missions is the lack of protection of the local population in the course of an escalating situation. Familiar examples are the traumas of Rwanda and Srebrenica. Discussing differences between UN peacekeeping missions, warfare, and law enforcement, it appears that peacekeepers have more in common with law enforcers than with combatants during wartime. Through the method of analogy and by applying some typically military ethics principles, the moral status of the UN peacekeepers is analyzed. Finally, a risk distribution analysis between UN peacekeepers and the local population is carried out, by offering a concise overview by philosophers of arguments for and against taking fewer risks by peacekeepers. The analysis reveals important deontological and consequentialist arguments. Taking also into consideration that transferring more risk to the peacekeeping troops alone does not mandatory lead to less exposure to risk of the vulnerable and innocent local civilians, it can be concluded that a more practical, virtuous, responsible risk calculation will be necessary at that point to find the best risk distribution.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.30727/0235-1188-2020-63-11-128-144
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,593
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Ethics of Killing in War.Jeff McMahan - 2004 - Ethics 114 (4):693-733.
The Ethics of Killing in War.Jeff McMahan - 2006 - Philosophia 34 (1):693-733.
The Just Distribution of Harm Between Combatants and Noncombatants.Jeff Mcmahan - 2010 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 38 (4):342-379.

View all 9 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Peacekeepers, Moral Autonomy and the Use of Force.Paolo Tripodi - 2006 - Journal of Military Ethics 5 (3):214-232.
Double Effect, Double Intention, and Asymmetric Warfare.Steven Lee - 2004 - Journal of Military Ethics 3 (3):233-251.
Risking Civilian Lives to Avoid Harm to Cultural Heritage?William Bülow - 2020 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 18 (3).
Concepts of Risk in Nanomedicine Research.Linda F. Hogle - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):809-822.
Privatised Peacekeeping : A Necessary Evil?Conway Waddington - 2007 - Dissertation, University of KwaZulu-Natal
Instability of Finance in Local Government Case of Albania.Fatbardha Kadiu - 2014 - Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala 6 (2):97-109.


Added to PP index

Total views
4 ( #1,256,807 of 2,462,058 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #298,852 of 2,462,058 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes