Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):674-681 (2010)

We explore three methods for measuring the conscious status of knowledge using the artificial grammar learning paradigm. We show wagering is no more sensitive to conscious knowledge than simple verbal confidence reports but is affected by risk aversion. When people wager rather than give verbal confidence they are less ready to indicate high confidence. We introduce a “no-loss gambling” method which is insensitive to risk aversion. We show that when people are just as ready to bet on a genuine random process as their own classification decisions, their classifications are still above baseline, indicating knowledge participants are not aware of having. Our results have methodological implications for any study investigating whether people are aware of knowing
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DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2009.09.009
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Consciousness and Mind.David M. Rosenthal - 2005 - Oxford University Press UK.
The Matter of Chance.D. H. Mellor - 1971 - Cambridge University Press.
Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge.Arthur S. Reber - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (3):219-235.

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