Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):746-761 (2004)
Recent theoretical and empirical work in cognitive science and neuroscience is brought into contact with the concept of the flow experience. After a brief exposition of brain function, the explicit–implicit distinction is applied to the effortless information processing that is so characteristic of the flow state. The explicit system is associated with the higher cognitive functions of the frontal lobe and medial temporal lobe structures and has evolved to increase cognitive flexibility. In contrast, the implicit system is associated with the skill-based knowledge supported primarily by the basal ganglia and has the advantage of being more efficient. From the analysis of this flexibility/efficiency trade-off emerges a thesis that identifies the flow state as a period during which a highly practiced skill that is represented in the implicit system’s knowledge base is implemented without interference from the explicit system. It is proposed that a necessary prerequisite to the experience of flow is a state of transient hypofrontality that enables the temporary suppression of the analytical and meta-conscious capacities of the explicit system. Examining sensory-motor integration skills that seem to typify flow such as athletic performance, writing, and free-jazz improvisation, the new framework clarifies how this concept relates to creativity and opens new avenues of research
|Keywords||*Basal Ganglia *Cognitive Processes *Frontal Lobe *Temporal Lobe Cognitive Science Neurosciences|
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Citations of this work BETA
Neurocognitive Poetics: Methods and Models for Investigating the Neuronal and Cognitive-Affective Bases of Literature Reception.Arthur M. Jacobs - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
Individual Differences in Flow Proneness Are Linked to a Dopamine D2 Receptor Gene Variant.Mate Gyurkovics, Eszter Kotyuk, Eniko Rozsa Katonai, Erzsebet Zsofia Horvath, Andrea Vereczkei & Anna Szekely - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 42:1-8.
Crossing the Invisible Line: De-Differentiation of Wake, Sleep and Dreaming May Engender Both Creative Insight and Psychopathology.Sue Llewellyn - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 46:127-147.
What Are Dual Process Models? Implications for Cultural Analysis in Sociology.Omar Lizardo, Robert Mowry, Brandon Sepulvado, Dustin S. Stoltz, Marshall A. Taylor, Justin Van Ness & Michael Wood - 2016 - Sociological Theory 34 (4):287-310.
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