Sins of Inquiry: How to Criticize Scientific Pursuits

Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 92 (C):86-96 (2022)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Criticism is a staple of the scientific enterprise and of the social epistemology of science. Philosophical discussions of criticism have traditionally focused on its roles in relation to objectivity, confirmation, and theory choice. However, attention to criticism and to criticizability should also inform our thinking about scientific pursuits: the allocation of resources with the aim of developing scientific tools and ideas. In this paper, we offer an account of scientific pursuitworthiness which takes criticizability as its starting point. We call this the apokritic model of pursuit. Its core ideas are that pursuits are practices governed by norms for asking and answering questions, and that criticism arises from the breach of these norms. We illustrate and advertise our approach using examples from institutional grant review, neuroscience, and sociology. We show that the apokritic model can unify several indices of criticizability, that it can account for the importance of criticizing pursuits in scientific practice, and that it can offer ameliorative advice to erstwhile pursuers.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 86,592

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Here and Everywhere - Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Steven Shapin - 1995 - Annual Review of Sociology 21:289-321.
Scientific Problems: Three Empiricist Models.Thomas Nickles - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:3 - 19.
Collective Scientific Knowledge.Melinda Fagan - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (12):821-831.
What is Wrong with Husserl's Scientific Anti-Realism?Harald A. Wiltsche - 2012 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (2):105-130.


Added to PP

113 (#134,831)

6 months
31 (#83,717)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Marina DiMarco
University of Pittsburgh
Kareem Khalifa
University of California, Los Angeles

Citations of this work

Pursuit and inquisitive reasons.Will Fleisher - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 94 (C):17-30.
Taking model pursuit seriously.HyeJeong Han - 2023 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 13 (2):1-24.
Pursuitworthiness in the scheme of futures.Veli Virmajoki - 2023 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 13 (1):1-26.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Value in ethics and economics.Elizabeth Anderson - 1993 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
White Ignorance.Charles W. Mills - 2007 - In Shannon Sullivan & Nancy Tuana (eds.), Race and Epistemologies of Ignorance. Albany, NY: State Univ of New York Pr. pp. 11-38.
Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes.Imre Lakatos - 1970 - In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press. pp. 91-196.

View all 63 references / Add more references