The Portuguese Naturalist Correia da Serra (1751-1823) and His Impact on Early Nineteenth-Century Botany
Journal of the History of Biology 34 (2):353 - 393 (2001)
AbstractThis paper focuses on the contributions to natural history, particularly in methods of plant classification of the Portuguese botanist, man of letters, diplomat, and Freemason Abbé José Correia da Serra (1751-1823), placing them in their national and international political and social contexts. Correia da Serra adopted the natural method of classification championed by the Frenchman Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu, and introduced refinements of his own that owe much to parallel developments in zoology. He endorsed the view that the classification of plants should be based on the establishment of affinities rather than of differences. The emphasis on affinities went hand in hand with the development of the concept of symmetry. This idea was introduced by Correia da Serra in systematics and was adopted and further developed by his friend, Augustin-Pyramus de Candolle. Correia da Serra also argued that Cryptogamia reproduce sexually, advocated extension of methods of comparative anatomy from zoology to botany, and applied them to the study of fruits. Correia da Serra was one among many of the estrangeirados, Portuguese "Europeanized" intellectuals who traveled extensively abroad in most cases to escape political or religious persecution at home. The estrangeirados were important contributors to 18th and 19th century European thinking. Most of the estrangeirados were pivotal in the introduction, dissemination and propagation of the new sciences in Portugal, but unlike most of his fellow estrangeirados, Correia da Serra was also an innovative man of science in his own right.
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References found in this work
The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity, Evolution, and Inheritance.Ernst Mayr - 1982 - Belknap Press, 1982.
The Natural Philosophy of Plant Form.Agnes Arber - 1951 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1 (4):336-339.
Citations of this work
Science and Technology in the European Periphery: Some Historiographical Reflections.Kostas Gavroglu, Manolis Patiniotis, Faidra Papanelopoulou, Ana Simões, Ana Carneiro, Maria Paula Diogo, José Ramón Bertomeu Sánchez, Antonio García Belmar & Agustí Nieto-Galan - 2008 - History of Science 46 (2):153-176.
Moving Localities and Creative Circulation: Travels as Knowledge Production in 18th-Century Europe.Pedro M. P. Raposo, Ana Simões, Manolis Patiniotis & José R. Bertomeu-Sánchez - 2014 - Centaurus 56 (3):167-188.
Scientific Dissemination in Purtugese Encyclopaedic Periodicals, 1779-1820.Fernando Egidio Reis - 2007 - History of Science 45 (1):83-118.
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