Alex Djalali
Stanford University
Partial order optimality theory is a conservative generalization of classical optimality theory that makes possible the modeling of free variation and quantitative regularities without any numerical parameters. Solving the ranking problem for PoOT has so far remained an outstanding problem: allowing for free variation, given a finite set of input/output pairs, i.e., a dataset, \ that a speaker S knows to be part of some language L, how can S learn the set of all grammars G under some constraint set C compatible with \?. Here, allowing for free variation, given the set of all PoOT grammars GPoOT over a constraint set C, for an arbitrary \, I provide set-theoretic means for constructing the actual set G compatible with \. Specifically, I determine the set of all STRICT ORDERS of C that are compatible with \. As every strict total order is a strict order, our solution is applicable in both PoOT and COT, showing that the ranking problem in COT is a special instance of a more general one in PoOT.
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DOI 10.1007/s10849-017-9248-0
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The Asymmetry of Optimality Theoretic Syntax and Semantics.H. Zeevat - 2000 - Journal of Semantics 17 (3):243-262.
Introduction to Lattices and Order.B. A. Davey & H. A. Priestly - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.

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