Dysphoria is a complex phenomenon which must be defi ned in the framework of different forms of affections. It belongs to the broader field of emotions, which are characterized by some essential features: i.e. movement, passiveness, tran-sitoriness, and reference to the others. All these four essential features of emotion are specifi cally altered in depression, whose phenomenology is presented in a clinical case. In discussing dysphoria, a first distinction is made between par-ticular and global affections. The fi rst type encompasses emotions and feelings, while the second one includes humor, mood and temper. Dysphoria belongs to one of these global affective states: the humor, which has to do with the spatial dimension of existence. In dysphoria the patient experiences the world as oppressive and invasive of his/her intimacy; the others are lived as persons demanding answers or actions he/she is not able to fulfill. Finally, the phenomenology of dysphoria is analyzed through the four essential features described above and examples are given.
Keywords dysphoria  mood  emotions  humor  phenomenology  psychopathology  hermeneutics
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Allgemeine Psychopathologie.Karl Jaspers - 1975 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 37 (1):138-139.
Die Zeit Und der Andere.Emmanuel Levinas - 2003 - Felix Meiner Verlag.

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