Four conceptions of the hard problem of consciousness

Journal of Consciousness Studies 22 (9-10):129-44 (2015)
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Though widely discussed, the hard problem of consciousness (‘the hard problem’ hereafter) is surprisingly difficult to pin down. In fact, one may see that not just a couple of plausible conceptions of the problem exist but rather four do. After providing some background for the hard problem, I present and clarify these four conceptions of it. I close by providing some key considerations for and against each of the four conceptions without passing final judgment on any of them. Ultimately, though, we do need to come to a resolution in so far as one is possible.



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Jonathan Eric Dorsey
University of California, Davis

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