Inference to the Best Explanation versus Bayes’s Rule in a Social Setting


Authors
Igor Douven
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Abstract
This article compares inference to the best explanation with Bayes’s rule in a social setting, specifically, in the context of a variant of the Hegselmann–Krause model in which agents not only update their belief states on the basis of evidence they receive directly from the world, but also take into account the belief states of their fellow agents. So far, the update rules mentioned have been studied only in an individualistic setting, and it is known that in such a setting both have their strengths as well as their weaknesses. It is shown here that in a social setting, inference to the best explanation outperforms Bayes’s rule according to every desirable criterion. 1 What Is Inference to the Best Explanation?2 Judging the Rules—By Which Lights?3 From an Individualistic to a Social Perspective 3.1 The Hegselmann–Krause model 3.2 A probabilistic extension of the Hegselmann–Krause model 3.3 Simulations4 Results and Discussion5 Interpretation6 Conclusion.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2015, 2017
DOI 10.1093/bjps/axv025
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 39,024
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

A Nonpragmatic Vindication of Probabilism.James M. Joyce - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (4):575-603.
The Inference to the Best Explanation.Gilbert H. Harman - 1965 - Philosophical Review 74 (1):88-95.

View all 30 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Abduction.Igor Douven - 2011 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Inference to the Best Explanation Made Incoherent.Nevin Climenhaga - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (5):251-273.
Is Explanatoriness a Guide to Confirmation? A Reply to Climenhaga.William Roche & Elliott Sober - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (4):581-590.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Inference to the Best Explanation Made Coherent.Igor Douven - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (Supplement):S424-S435.
Refining the Inferential Model of Scientific Understanding.Mark Newman - 2013 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (2):173-197.
How to Think About Rules and Rule Following.Karsten R. Stueber - 2005 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (3):307-323.
Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 2004 - Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group.
Bayesianism and Inference to the Best Explanation.Valeriano Iranzo - 2008 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 23 (1):89-106.
Evidence and Inference.Michele Renee Larusch - 1980 - Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles
Deflationism and Logic.Christopher Gauker - 1999 - Facta Philosophica (1):167-199.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-08-02

Total views
38 ( #191,447 of 2,320,206 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
4 ( #353,283 of 2,320,206 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature