Norms for values in scientific belief acceptance


Authors
Heather Douglas
Michigan State University
Abstract
Although a strict dichotomy between facts and values is no longer accepted, less attention has been paid to the roles values should play in our acceptance of factual statements, or scientific descriptive claims. This paper argues that values, whether cognitive or ethical, should never preclude or direct belief on their own. Our wanting something to be true will not make it so. Instead, values should only be used to consider whether the available evidence provides sufficient warrant for a claim. This argument is made for all relevant values, including cognitive, ethical, and social values. The rational integrity of science depends not on excluding some values and including others in the reasoning process, but of constraining all values to their proper role in belief acceptance.
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References found in this work BETA

Inductive Risk and Values in Science.Heather Douglas - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (4):559-579.
Science as Social Knowledge.Helen Longino - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (2):283-285.
Science as Social Knowledge.Helen Longino - 1993 - Hypatia 8 (3):194-201.

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