Precis of knowledge and the flow of information

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):55-90 (1983)
A theory of information is developed in which the informational content of a signal (structure, event) can be specified. This content is expressed by a sentence describing the condition at a source on which the properties of a signal depend in some lawful way. Information, as so defined, though perfectly objective, has the kind of semantic property (intentionality) that seems to be needed for an analysis of cognition. Perceptual knowledge is an information-dependent internal state with a content corresponding to the information producing it. This picture of knowledge captures most of what makes knowledge an important cpistcmological notion. It also avoids many of the problems infecting traditional justificational accounts of knowledge (knowledge as [justified, true belief those (unlike knowledge) having a content that can be either true or false (e.g., belief) – are described in terms of the way internal (presumably neural) structures acquire during learning a certain information-carrying role. The content of these structures (whether true or false) is identified with the kind of information they were developed to carry
Keywords belief   cognition   concept   information   intentionality   knowledge   meaning   perception   representation   semantics
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/S0140525X00014631
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 30,798
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?Edmund Gettier - 1963 - Analysis 23 (6):121-123.
Minds, Brains and Programs.John R. Searle - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57.

View all 24 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Information as a Probabilistic Difference Maker.Andrea Scarantino - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (3):419-443.
Rational Belief.Henry E. Kyburg - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (2):231.

View all 65 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Added to PP index

Total downloads
127 ( #39,674 of 2,202,679 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
10 ( #20,445 of 2,202,679 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature