Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):1040-1045 (2008)

Abstract
An extensive literature has demonstrated that encoding information in a self-referential manner enhances subsequent memory performance. This ‘self-reference effect’ is generally elicited in paradigms that require participants to evaluate the self-descriptiveness of personality characteristics. Extending work of this kind, the current research explored the possibility that explicit evaluative processing is not a necessary precondition for the emergence of this effect. Rather, responses to self cues may enhance item encoding even in the absence of explicit evaluative instructions. We explored this hypothesis by testing memory for items encoded in either an evaluative or relational context. The relational context was achieved by requesting participants to report the spatial relationship between target stimuli, and visual or verbal referent cues. The results revealed a self-referent memory advantage, regardless of the encoding context or triggering cue. The theoretical implications of these findings are considered
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2008.02.004
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 60,901
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Five Kinds of Self-Knowledge.Ulric Neisser - 1988 - Philosophical Psychology 1 (1):35 – 59.
Varieties of Self-Systems Worth Having.Pascal Boyer, Philip Robbins & Anthony I. Jack - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):647-660.

View all 7 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

View all 8 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A Dynamic Context Model of Interactive Behavior.Wai-Tat Fu - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (5):874-904.
The Generation of Conscious Awareness in an Incidental Learning Situation.Hilde Haider & Peter A. Frensch - 2005 - Psychological Research/Psychologische Forschung 69 (5):399-411.
Consciousness of the Self (COS) and Explicit Knowledge.Guy Pinku & Joseph Tzelgov - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):655-661.
Posthumously, for Jacques Derrida.Zsuzsa Baross - 2011 - Sussex Academic Press.
The Cost of Explicit Memory.Stephen E. Robbins - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):33-66.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-08-24

Total views
52 ( #199,779 of 2,439,108 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #209,135 of 2,439,108 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes